Carducci Art Law | Indipendent practice in international art, cultural property and heritage law, arbitration, ADR, litigation
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Carducci Art Law (Paris - London - Rome)



ndependent arbitrator, legal expert (witness) and counsel, in Paris, Rome and London, Dr.Carducci is a law professor in Paris, an attorney-at-law in Rome, a Chartered Arbitrator and International Tenant and Arbitrator with 4-5 Gray’s Inn Square, London

Former Chief of the International Standards Section at UNESCO (Paris Headquarters) he was in charge of international standard-setting, the elaboration and implementation in (192) Member States of UNESCO Conventions, Recommendations and Declarations on art, cultural property and heritage, and of two intergovernmental committees

A leading authority in the field of return and restitution of stolen, looted and illegally exported art and cultural property, in time of peace, occupation, war. He published a treatise in 1997, many articles in leading journals.

Acted as mediator between Greece and the United Kingdom with regard to the Parthenon Marbles in the British Museum.

Was in charge of the integovernmental negotation of the UNESCO Draft Declaration of Principles Relating to Cultural Objects Displaced in Connection with the Second World War. More recently the EU Parliament sought his expertise and views as to a Draft Instrument on the Return of Looted Cultural Objects in Connection to the Second World War

A recognized expert in the implementation of the UNESCO Conventions on illicit trafficking of cultural property (1970), underwater cultural heritage (2001), cultural property in the event of armed conflict (1954, 1999), intangible cultural heritage (2003)

To the benefit of the private and public sectors he combines:

specialized expertise in art, cultural property and heritage law, as well as in commercial law, private and public international law, governing property outside specific art law

experience with Governments worldwide in art, cultural property and heritage, policy, law, treaty-making, as well as arbitrator and mediator

academic, intergovernmental and private practice experience

independence, publications and languages

Publications include two monographs (Arbitration in France: Law and Practice, forthcoming Oxford University Press / Art Restitution International Claims, LGDJ) and 50 articles

Works in: English, French, Spanish, German, Italian (Fair Portuguese)

Acts as Arbitrator, Expert Witness, Counsel:

  1. in art and cultural property law, restitution and return, looted art

  2. in commercial, investment, treaty, law (visit

in International Law:

Former Chief, International Standards Section, UNESCO HQ Paris, Italian Delegate in treaty-making, Ph.D., Diploma Hague Academy of International Law, regular speaker

in International Arbitration, Business, Private Law:

Arbitrator, Expert Witness, Counsel, Law Professor in Paris (former Visiting Professor at the Universities of Miami, Hong Kong, Rome, Thessaloniki)

Member ICC Commissions on Arbitration, Competition, Commercial Law, Chartered Arbitrator, Fellow and Faculty of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, regular speaker, experience at the Hague Conference of Private International Law and UNIDROIT

in EU Law:

Law Professor, EU Expert for the Elaboration of EU Regulation N.650/2012 on International Successions, EU Parliament Expert on art law and return of looted art

in French Law:

Law Professor in French and EU contract, commercial, company, conflict of laws, international business and arbitration law (Maître de Conférences des Facultés de droit, Paris), Ph.D (Docteur en droit, Univ. Paris II), Post-graduate specialisations (DEAs) in commercial, EU, private-public international law, Full French legal education, Eligible for membership in the Paris Bar (currently not Avocat à la Cour)

in Italian Law:

Attorney-at-Law in Rome (Avvocato) admitted also before Supreme Courts (Patrocinante in Cassazione), Ph.D. (Dottore di Ricerca University Rome I), Full Italian legal education

in English Law:

International Tenant and Arbitrator 4-5 Gray’s Inn Square, London, Registered European Lawyer in England and Wales, Professor/Lecturer of English Business Law (2015-Present)

in U.S. Law:

Professor/Lecturer of U.S. Business Law (2015-Present), ICDR Panel, ABA Observer “Uniform Commercial Code and Emerging Technologies” Uniform Law Commission, Former Visiting Professor University of Miami, Former Vice-Chair International Arbitration and Litigation Committees, American Bar Association (ABA)