Carducci Art Law | Indipendent practice in international art, cultural property and heritage law, arbitration, ADR, litigation
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Carducci Art Law (Paris - London - Rome)




ndependent arbitrator, legal expert (witness) and counsel, in Paris, Rome and London, Dr.Carducci is a law professor (MCF, HDR) teaching mainly Commercial Law and International Business Law in Paris, an attorney-at-law in Rome, International Tenant and Arbitrator at 4-5 Gray’s Inn Square, London. He is a Chartered Arbitrator (FCIArb) on several Panels of arbitrators

He is  the former Chief of the International Standards Section at UNESCO (Paris Headquarters) and was in charge of international standard-setting and treaty-making, of the implementation of UNESCO Conventions, Recommendations and Declarations on art, cultural property and heritage, and of two intergovernmental committees, for UNESCO and its (192) Member States

A leading authority in the field of return and restitution of stolen, looted and illegally exported art and cultural property, in time of peace, occupation, war. He acted as mediator between Greece and the United Kingdom with regard to the Parthenon Marbles in the British Museum. He was in charge of the integovernmental negotation of the UNESCO Draft Declaration of Principles Relating to Cultural Objects Displaced in Connection with the Second World War. More recently the EU Parliament sought his expertise and views as to a Draft Instrument on the Return of Looted Cultural Objects in Connection to the Second World War

He adds specialized legal expertise in art, cultural property and heritage, experience with Governments worldwide in protecting art and cultural property, experience in treaty-making in international art, cultural property and heritage law, to his unique combination of expertise in commercial law, private and public international law, academic, intergovernmental and private practice experience, independence and five working languages, distinctions and publications, to the benefit of the private and public sectors, and of businesses and governments alike

His credentials in international dispute-settlement and cultural diplomacy include Chartered Arbitrator and Faculty status of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, member of the ICC Commissions on Arbitration and ADR, Commercial Law, Competition, Former Vice-Chair of the American Bar Association’s International Arbitration Committee and International Litigation Committee, publications, regular speaker

Experience includes appointments as arbitrator, expert (witness), counsel as to international cases, in English, French, Spanish and Italian

Two websites inform as to practice areas: 

1. here at as to International Art, Cultural Property and Heritage Law, Transactions and Dispute Resolution (Arbitration, Litigation, Cultural Diplomacy and ADR)

2. at  as to International Commercial and Investment Law, Transactions and Dispute Resolution, i.e. parts of law which govern also some aspects of art and cultural property, in particular in case of international transactions


Prof.Carducci has acted in the public and private sectors upon request by corporations, international law firms, governments, international organizations, the European Union

Private and public international legal experience: international and intergovernmental responsibilities (6 years), academia (27 years), private practice (15 years, legal counsel and expert, arbitrator)

Dispute resolution experience as international arbitrator and legal expert in commercial and investment cases, and as mediator between Governments

Arbitrator and mediator on the ICSID (2007-16) and various other Panels, Chartered Arbitrator and Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators in London

Member of three ICC Commissions in Paris: on Arbitration and ADR, Competition, Commercial Law and Practice; Member of the ICC Institute of World Business Law;  Former Vice-Chair of the International Arbitration Committee of the American Bar Association

Independence, absence of conflict of interests, fluent in English, French, Spanish, German, Italian (mother tongue), fair Portuguese

Legal and cultural flexibility gained: a) working in various Civil and Common Law jurisdictions, with Governments, their legal experts and entities, and with the private legal and industry sectors; and b) studying and teaching law in various jurisdictions

Long years of academic analysis and teaching of the law, holder of research fellowships 

Two monographs and forty articles published, in particular: International Restitution Claims of Stolen or Illegally Exported Works of Art and Cultural Property : Private International Law, European Directive, UNESCO and UNIDROIT Conventions (LGDJ, 490 pages)

Two Ph.Ds. on international transactions, arbitration and litigation, Hague Academy of International Law  (Diploma), four post-graduate LLMs/DEAs, French and Italian legal education